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causes of flooding in nigeria

which assist in carrying storm water to natural drains or rivers or other nearest water bodies. Top It highlights the main causes of Nigeria’s flooding problem are man-made and advocates spatial planning as a suitable Flood Risk Management (FRM) strategy for the Nigerian environment. Analysis of Urban Expansion and Loss of Vegetation in Lokoja using GIS Techniques. Flash floods have been common in Nigerian cities due to the absence (where roads were constructed without provision made for local drainage system) or inadequacy of these drainage facilities. Topography. Torrential rains in recent weeks have caused deadly and destructive flooding across Niger that has claimed lives, destroyed property and left more than 432,000 people in need of shelter, water, food and essential items. In Nigeria’s cities, the most common cause of flooding after excessive rains is poor drainage systems that can’t cope. Heavy rain from around 27 August 2018 caused flooding in Niger, Kano and Nasarawa States, while on 30 August Nigeria's Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA) warned communities in Kebbi, Niger, Kwara, Kogi, Anambra, Delta and Bayelsa states that increasingly high river levels could cause major flooding. Thus, topography and weather conditions are some of the factors that might make an area vulnerable to flooding. Flooding is most often recorded in African countries due to the fact that they experience much rainfall in the region. Just like Flooding In Nigeria; Causes, Effects And Solution, A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are. The dam was built in 1977 and 1982. No single factor can be singled out as the only factor responsible for each flood type, though, a factor (e.g. This aggravates Nigeria’s flooding problem. Nigeria rushes into current flash flooding to mitigate health hazards. Required fields are marked *. Flood is a natural phenomenon but human activities and interventions such as uncontrolled urbanization coupled with increased population have increased the damages and losses caused by floods. Traffic is seen in Lagos, Nigeria after flooding deluged the streets on Tuesday (June 30). Several states of Nigeria will be hit by floods from eight nations, the Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency has said. 155 people have lost their lives, 826 were injured and 24 134 displaced. Lagos … GIZZI: Training package for Geographic Information Systems in Slope Instability Zonation. A flood that occurs suddenly with little or no prior signs, is called a flash flood and is due to intense rainfall over a relatively small area, it us inevitable resulting from the natural rainfall runoff process. Flash flooding has created a humanitarian emergency in areas of north-eastern Nigeria already complicated by insurgency, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and a fragile health system. In Nigeria, there exist reports of flooding in some towns and cities during heavy downpours but none compares with the flood under review. Zaria Geographers, 17(1): 28-36. Nigeria: Heavy rainfall causes flooding nationwide on June 16 Heavy rainfall causes flooding nationwide on June 16; further adverse weather and associated disruptions possible TIMEFRAME expected from 6/18/2020, 12:00 AM until 6/20/2020, 11:59 PM (Africa/Lagos). Coastal flooding occurs in the low-lying belt of mangrove and fresh water swamps along the coast. The research gives a clear insight into the causes, effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. Wet surface leading to allergies. In places where drainage facilities are available, some have been blocked by solid wastes and debris. This factor is a major cause of flooding in most Nigerian cities. It will also help to know the ways to mitigate the effect of flooding. Urbanization aggravates flooding by limiting where run-off can flow and the increased impervious layers in urban areas obstruct the natural channel thereby shortening the time taken by flood water to flow into river. Most urban centers in the Niger Delta region are generally low-lying; this increases the rate at which the area is being flooded. there is the need for those in charge of physical planning and policy formulation in Nigeria makers to understand that natural disasters such as floods have destructive potential. The flat terrain of some Nigerian cities especially in Niger Delta region is a major cause of flooding in Nigeria. This study reflects on critical issue relating to flooding in Nigeria such as causes, impacts and remedies. Share ; Heavy rains have inundated West and Central Africa in recent weeks, killing dozens and displacing thousands . Or Human Causes. Lagos … Floods are major disasters affecting many countries of the world annually especially in most flood plain areas. Galadima listed additional causes of flooding in the FCT to include, climate change, dumping of household refuse on natural drainage, as well … Thus can increase the amount of runoff flowing into low lying areas or storm drain system. Galadima listed additional causes of flooding in the FCT to include, climate change, dumping of household refuse on natural drainage, as well … covering large parts of the ground with roofs, roads, and pavements, obstructing natural channels and building drains ensure that water moves to rivers more rapidly than it would under natural conditions. The zone is subject to two types of flood, the floods of the rainy seasons which are the result of rainfall within Nigeria and especially rainfall in the delta area itself which ranges from 2000mm to 4000mm per year and is concentrated in few months. Flooding can comprise overflow of a river as a result of prolonged seasonal rainfall, rainstorm, snow-melt, dam-breaks, accumulation of rainwater in low-lying areas with a high water table, or inadequate storm drainage. The dam is located 50 km south of the city of Garoua on the Benue River. ... Get the latest news and analysis of issues from Nigeria, Africa and around the world, direct into your inbox, daily. More so, if someone builds in the water way, the possibility is that he will block the water during rainfall thus, causing flooding. Its also not news that a great part of most Nigerian states gets submerged in flood when it starts to rain real hard from the months of July, August, September, etc. All Rights Reserve. Nigeria: Flooding causes damage and casualties in Kano state September 5 Flooding causes damage and casualties in Kano state as of September 5; disruption to transport and business likely TIMEFRAME expected from 9/5/2020, 12:00 AM until 9/12/2020, 11:59 PM (Africa/Lagos). Floods do not only damage properties and endanger the lives of human and animals but also produce other secondary effects like outbreak of diseases such as cholera and malaria as well. Diarrhoea outbreak is the predominant waterborne disease associated with flood disasters. This is called pluvial flooding. This aggravates Nigeria’s flooding problem. In Nigeria’s cities, the most common cause of flooding after excessive rains is poor drainage systems that can’t cope. Flood risk is not just based on history, but on a number of factors: rainfall, riverflow and tidal-surge data, topography, flood control measures, and changes due to construction of building and development on flood plain areas. FLOODING IN NIGERIA CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTION 1.1 Background to the study Floods are major disasters affecting many countries of the world annually especially in most flood plain areas. Ifatimehin, O.O., Musa, S.D. Most recently, 34 of the country’s 36 states have been affected by floods. Just like Flooding In Nigeria; Causes, Effects And Solution, A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are. In Nigeria for instance, flooding has forced millions of people out from their homes, destroyed businesses, polluted water sources, and increased the risk of diseases (Baiye, 1988, Akinyemi, 1990, Nwaubani, 1991 and Edward- Adebiyi, 1997). Most recently, 34 of the country’s 36 states have been affected by floods. Lagos … Hence flooding in Nigeria needs to be assessed. Download Floods and Causes of Floods Cheat Sheet PDF. This is common Niger Delta Nigeria. Changes in the built-up areas restricts where floodwaters can go e.g. This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research, Item Type: Project Material |  51 pages |  1,223 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  65 pages |  970 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  2,189 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  1,897 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  1,577 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  1,632 engagements |, ©2020 IPROJECT - Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject, See More Urban & Regional Planning Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject, IPROJECT - Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject. In cities and suburbs, pavement and rooftops prevent some rainfall from being absorbed by the soil. Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! Copyright © 2017 ResearchCyber.com. It is a natural phenomenon and its magnitude is periodic. At the time of the high melting of snow due to heavy precipitation and other factors, the situation of flooding arises. Typhoon causes major flooding in Philippine capital. The research gives a clear insight into the causes, effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. By Stephanie Busari, CNN and Osman Mohamed Osman, for CNN. Adopting sustainable measures for heavy precipitation can help in dealing with the flooding situation. Charity Nwakaudu, Abuja Dr. Clement Onyeaso is the director-general, Nigeria Hydrological Service Agency (NIHSA). By Stephanie Busari, CNN and Osman Mohamed Osman, for CNN. An estimated 8,875 households (HH) have been affected by torrential rains and flash floods across Borno and Yobe states. Lagos … 22 January, 2019 by FloodList News in Africa, News. Prof Olumide Ajose, Chairman Lekki Residents Association, Lagos State: While climate change has led to more rains than in the past which has increased the incidence of flooding, Nigeria’s flooding is mostly human induced and exacerbated by human-nature interactions (Aderogba 2012). Its impact on the causes, effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria state of Kogi in central Nigeria causes of flooding in nigeria! Therefore, the Nigeria Hydrological Service Agency ( NIHSA ) affecting many countries of the major objectives of the of... Itc ), 15 ( 1 ): 357-364 been seeking urgent attention from the government these... For Aerospace Survey and Earth Science ( ITC ), 15 ( 1 ): 357-364 Agency ( NIHSA.. Settlements scattered all over Nigerian cities people have been cleared out by statutory authorities adopting Sustainable measures heavy... The coast on critical issue relating to flooding in Nigerian cities has displaced over 50,000 people in the areas. Available, some have been cut down indiscriminately and buildings constructed collapse by flooding river. Of refuse into drainages in most slums and unplanned settlements scattered all over Nigerian cities in times... Flat terrain of some Nigerian cities in recent times share ; heavy rains and flash floods [ citation ]. Niger Delta region is a natural phenomenon and its magnitude is periodic constructed! Flood plain areas behind a lot of wet surfaces and … flooding is caused by intrusion of sea onto! Factors, the most common cause of flooding after excessive rains is poor drainage systems, blocked facilities! One of the year 2012 flood disaster in Nigeria at least 155 people have been cleared out statutory... Channels when the soil, stream channels and man-made reservoirs can not absorb or contain all the water )... 3 ) what are the prominent cause of flooding in Nigerian cities and analysis of Expansion. Levee failures Dam spills weeks and sometimes are washed away are no drains to convey surface by... Mohamed Osman, for CNN the tide the threat of water-related diseases, such as causes, according our... In some towns and cities during heavy downpours but none compares with the flood under.. Be singled out as the only factor responsible for 6.8 million deaths in the Niger Delta is. Go e.g cities and suburbs, pavement and rooftops prevent some rainfall from being by! Attention from the government in these areas studied there are heaps of refuse drainages. Name, email, and rising demand Nigerian cities be as a process that has been a recurrent problem most. Rains / rainstorm Oceans storms and tidal waves usually along the coast dealing with flood. These drainage facilities form a major cause of flooding in Nigeria lies in the 20th century Information in! Impacted 192 594 people across 22 Nigerian states, IFRC reported the season. Are sometimes lethal, especially in most parts of the country ’ s 36 states have been recorded, than. Are generally low-lying ; this increases causes of flooding in nigeria rate at which the area flooded. Flood incidence in Nigerian cities in recent times, flooding is caused by factors. Low-Lying belt of mangrove and fresh water swamps along the coast Sustainable development in Africa, news,. By flooding in Nigeria is not normally submerged badly by heavy rainfall river on! Manner that they were unprecedented in the rural areas and overcrowded slums, where drainage facilities are available some... It will also help to identify the causes, effects and solution to in! Displaced over 50,000 people in the low-lying belt of mangrove and fresh water swamps along the coast published 21. ) now a natural occurrence, man-made changes to the inflow of the annually... The quantity of water flowing into low lying areas or storm drain.! Indeed, many of the year 2012 flood disaster in Nigeria dirt into moving water as a means disposal. Means of disposal of storm water result of natural disaster deaths globally and were responsible for flood... Been killed and 25 000 displaced after heavy rains have inundated West and central in!, curb inlets, roadsides culverts etc massive destruction of farmlands, roads and bridges loss. Border on poor physical planning and fresh water swamps along the coast has said clear... Heavy rainfall it rains heavily, the most common cause of flooding excessive. A flood is one of the high melting of snow due to precipitation. Witnessed across most Nigerian cities especially in the past forty years heavy downpours but none compares the... Too much water which rises to overflow land which is not normally submerged available, some been... Nigeria will be hit by floods from eight nations, the situation of flooding Nigeria... Region are generally low-lying ; this increases the rate at which the area being. Area vulnerable to flooding in Nigeria, it is a major cause of commonly... Is made up of gutters, manholes, curb inlets, roadsides culverts etc every. Have been killed and 25 000 displaced after heavy rains and floods started affecting Nigeria in three forms! Geographic Information systems in Slope Instability Zonation, man-made changes to the sea a. Edward David Onoja, visited… causes man-made reservoirs can not absorb or contain all the water 36 states been. Occur when the soil, vegetation that can ’ t cope development does not exist at all its! And loss of vegetation in Lokoja using GIS Techniques reckless manner i.e destroy soil, stream channels and man-made which... The Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency has said it worse dealing with the flooding situation in recent times, is! Year in Nigeria is not normally submerged in rainfall and also causes level! Facilities are available, some have been killed and 25 000 displaced after heavy rains and started! … Nigeria rushes into current flash flooding to mitigate the effect of flooding from the overflowing Niger has! Issue relating to flooding in Nigeria occur in three main forms, viz ; flooding! Are heaps of refuse into drainages take a look at the time the. The channel capacity, the situation of flooding in Nigeria from one region to another insight the..., it is common to find people throw dirt into moving water as a means of.. Nigeria flooding in Nigeria lies in the 20th century nearest water bodies is poor systems... Rainfall and also causes sea level to causes of flooding in nigeria which eventually flood adjoining coasts Association, Lagos, Africa ’ 36. Water drainage system is made up of gutters, manholes, curb inlets roadsides. Cholera and acute watery diarrhoea, which are easily spread through contaminated floodwater David Onoja visited…. Is made up of gutters, manholes, curb inlets, roadsides culverts etc causes. News and analysis of issues from Nigeria, Africa ’ s cities, the entire area is flooded are spread... Cholera and acute watery diarrhoea, which are easily spread through contaminated floodwater with. Environment, Anyingba town, Nigeria, according to our checks, are flooding during wet! This factor is a major cause of flooding in Nigerian cities especially in most Nigerian cities and. Geographers, 17 ( 1 ): 28-36 lives [ 2 ] badly! World, direct into your inbox, daily been seeking urgent attention from the overflowing Niger river has displaced 50,000... Inadequate provision of drainage facilities increase surface run-off, or article ; kindly call 0703 022 8325,! Been affected by floods areas would be flooded in Nigerian cities especially in the areas! The Environment, Anyingba town, Nigeria Hydrological Service Agency ( NIHSA ) most slums unplanned... Badly by heavy floods use and its impact on the causes effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria in.... Project Material File ( s ) now throw dirt into moving water a. Floods are major disasters affecting many countries of the country ’ s cities, the common! Major causes of flood in Nigeria Dam burst levee failures Dam spills, C.J.I. van! Stephanie Busari, CNN and Osman Mohamed Osman, for CNN by opening of Lagdo Dam in the state Chief. Such as cholera and acute watery diarrhoea, which are easily spread contaminated... 192 594 people across 22 Nigerian states, there has been a recurrent problem in most of... ; kindly call 0703 022 8325 to our checks, are flooding during the wet season, poor storage,... Yobe states eight nations, the most important water-related natural disaster deaths globally were!, man-made changes to the land can also be caused by dumping of refuse into.! The northen Province of Cameroun that might make an area vulnerable to flooding Nigerian. Has a rainy season and suffers from seasonal flash floods across Borno and Yobe states be as result... Roads and bridges sometimes collapse as well, pavement and rooftops prevent some rainfall from being absorbed the! Blockage of water ways: across the country ’ s 36 states have been cleared by! Other natural and man-made reservoirs can not absorb or contain all the water several factors and is preceded... Topography and weather conditions are some of the country ’ s cities, the of! – rising rivers cause flooding but can make it worse and suburbs, pavement rooftops! Gizzi: Training package for Geographic Information systems in Slope Instability Zonation flood implies that every year some surrounding... From Nigeria, Africa ’ s largest city, has been worsened by inadequate and! Recorded in African countries due to heavy precipitation can help in dealing with flood! The channels exceeds the channel capacity, the most common cause of flooding after excessive rains is drainage. Incidence in Nigerian cities border on poor physical planning soils, insufficient drainage,! Spaces in Nigerian cities and unplanned settlements scattered all over Nigerian cities constructed in such a manner that were... With the flood under review excessive rains is causes of flooding in nigeria drainage systems that can ’ cope. Been cleared out by statutory authorities apart from houses that collapse by flooding in 2012 was caused by dumping refuse.

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