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deer farming regions in new zealand

Later, deer were hunted – and brought out of the mountains – by helicopter. Hunters also went into remote areas to kill deer so they could sell the meat (venison). Deer and elk farming has been very successful and stock numbers are generally dictated by prevailing meat and velvet prices. Deer mate in autumn, and their fawns are born in early summer. Deer that are properly identified remain the property of the owner except where the animal enters onto Crown land. The DOC Warkworth Area Office must be informed within 24 hours of the escape if the deer cannot be caught. Of these regions, Waikato has the largest number of cows. In the 1970s people began catching live wild deer. In recent years, deer milk and skincare products have also been developed. Today there are more than 1.7 million deer on New Zealand farms. New Zealand venison from wild deer was first exported to Germany in the 1960s. In the 1970s and 80s there was a huge industry carrying out live deer recovery from forested areas of New Zealand. Farming Deer in Auckland Region on Yellow®. New Zealand is the largest exporter of farmed venison in the world. The first farms. The first licence to farm deer in New Zealand was issued in 1970, so the deer industry is a relatively young industry compared to the rest of New Zealand agriculture. Some overseas visitors come to New Zealand for trophy hunting – they shoot a stag and keep the head and antlers as a trophy. The environment proved ideal, and the uncontrolled … Hung gates must butt against the full inside surface of the latching post, and open inwards where terrain permits. Deer are not native to New Zealand. Above 1.2m a maximum of 150mm apart. Some venison is sold overseas under the name Cervena. DOC is responsible for regulating deer farming under the Wild Animal Control Act 1977. Deer mesh fences must have a single strained bottom wire. Farming Deer in New Zealand on Yellow®. Pigs and goat farming is also practiced but in smaller quantities. Contact us to discover more … Deer farming began in the late 1960s. The farming of deer started in New Zealand, and this country remains the world's largest and most advanced deer farming industry. Ken Drew, 'Deer and deer farming', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/deer-and-deer-farming (accessed 13 December 2020). Deer are easily frightened, so their yards are specially designed to help keep them calm. For fallow the line wire must be attached to, or close to, the bottom wire of the netting with a maximum spacing between wires of 50mm. There are around 3,000 deer farms in New Zealand spread from the top tip of the North Island to the southern plains of the South Island. Managing deer. Paddocks with fences not up to standard must not be used until the fences have been repaired or upgraded. If they aren't identified they become the property of the Crown. 3, available from the Warkworth Area Office, shows areas where deer farming is prohibited and different species of deer may be farmed. The maximum distance allowed between two strained posts on flat terrain is 400m. Stags (male deer) grow antlers every year. Deer were first brought to New Zealand in the late 19th century for sport. Red deer hinds and fawns. Trusted local business listings and maps. Perimeter fence gates: Hard-fill or concrete is required under gates or fences which run over culverts. Deer farming has become popular through the years with the number of deer and deer farms growing. Moose were introduced but may have died out. All images & media in this story. DOC's work supports the Government's broad goals of protecting the environment and growing an innovative economy for the benefit of all. Steel pipe: minimum wall thickness of 3mm; internal diameter 25mm. Mossburn advertises itself as the deer capital of New Zealand as it was involved with live deer recovery from the wild and the establishment in 1972 of the first deer farm. The deer are a pest animal that has a negative impact on the biodiversity of New Zealand. Red deer stags. The rest are either the much larger wapiti (also known in New Zealand as ‘elk’) or red x wapiti crosses or the much smaller, more flighty fallow deer. Deer farming production targets | Deer Industry New Zealand Search Gerhard Uys spoke to Bill Robinson of Raroa Red Deer Stud. Red deer now live in many forests, and there are also fallow deer, wapiti (elk), sambar, sika, rusa and white-tailed deer. Deer are the first new animals to be domesticated for over 5000 years. © Crown Copyright. Loading facilities must be contained within the perimeter fence. This is free. alter the perimeter fence of an existing farm. A line wire underneath the netting is also required for wapiti and red deer. Critical Ecosystem Pressures on Freshwater Environments, Biodiversity inventory and monitoring toolbox, DOC Policy Statement on Deer Control, PDF, 706K), Deer farming requirements in the Auckland region, specifying the areas deer farming is allowed, specifying fencing requirements for deer farming. The first farms The first licence to farm deer was issued to M. P. Giles of Rahana station, near Taupō, in 1969. By the start of the 20th century, deer had spread throughout the forests. If an existing fence is to be increased in height, the existing fence must already have at least 7 line wires with materials, spacings, and specifications as per the illustration before the addition is made. Construction: Timber: rail dimensions a minimum of 100mm x 25mm. Of these species the Sika, Sambar and Rusa deer species are only found in the central North Island, and the … regulating deer farming in areas where it is permitted. The requirements for species found in other countries of the Asia-Pacific region, such as Musk deer (Moschus sp. There must be an overlap of 300mm (minimum) between the wire fence and the top-up netting. Wool. Deer Farming Notice No. Horticulture Notifications will be processed within ten working days, provided the land on which deer are to be farmed does not include any land capability Class VII or VIII land and is not in an area where deer farming or certain species of deer are prohibited. Diagram showing fencing requirements for deer farms in regulated areas | View a larger version (JPG, 489K), Department of Conservation | Te Papa Atawhai, https://www.doc.govt.nz/nature/pests-and-threats/animal-pests/deer/deer-farming-requirements-in-the-auckland-region/. With large exports of deer venison and antler products worldwide, New Zealand deer farmers are at the top of their game. The velvet is cut off under anaesthetic. Deer Industry Environment Awards The Deer Industry Environmental Awards are convened every second year and are part of the industry’s commitment to environmentally sustainable farmed deer production. Ever since the introduction of refrigerated shipping in 1882, people all over the world have enjoyed our dairy and meat exports. Deer Farming: A Big Export Business In New Zealand Farmer's Weekly | May 10, 2019. A short clip about the beginning of a new industry in New Zealand, On your small farm, you should probably choose red deer because wapiti types … Post and strainer staples must be a minimum gauge of 4mm, and at least 50mm long. Hunted first by government cullers, and later from helicopters in remote areas, today deer have also become the basis of a thriving farming industry. New Zealand farms around one million deer, predominantly red deer, on around 2000 farms. Farming, Cover Crops, Production Crops, Grain Trading. Births, deaths, purchases and disposals of all deer should be recorded. Deer farming on Class VII land or higher may still be approved – check with the Warkworth Area Office. The traditional dairying regions in New Zealand have been mainly in the western and northern North Island, and in Nelson and West Coast regions of the South Island. Expert Guidance on Seeds, Crops and Soils. An often-heard statistic is that there are 20 sheep for every person in New Zealand, and this was true in 1981 when there were 80 million sheep on the land. Gerhard Uys spoke to Bill Robinson of Raroa Red Deer Stud. We’ve added new drapers to our lineup, to help you reduce loss, consistently maintain desired cut height and put more grain in your tank. Welcome to the deer farming website where the focus is on delivering the latest deer research and farm system information for farmers and others involved in the industry, supported by Deer Industry New Zealand, AgResearch and the Sustainable Farming Fund. Most deer are farmed in the more mountainous regions of Canterbury, Otago and Southland. New Zealand is the number one source for farm-raised venison worldwide with around 2000 farmers farming approximately 1 million deer. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. All deer being moving on and off the farm should be ear tagged and have appropriate movement documentation (MPI requirement). The minimum height above ground, minimum number of line wires, maximum space between line wires and maximum space between vertical battens must be the same as specified for a wire and batten fences. Deer are farmed for for venison meat, deer velvet and co-products. Find out what you need to do if you want to establish or extend a deer farm or change the species of deer being farmed. The beginnings of deer farming. Farming Deer in Auckland Region on Yellow®. Trophy hunting, deerskin and other products, Next: Page 1. Farmers must notify the Director General of Conservation (through DOC's Warkworth Area Office) if they intend to: A "Notification of Intention to Farm Deer" form is available from the Warkworth Area Office. Land owners should notify the Warkworth Area Office in writing if they are selling their farm or ceasing to farm deer. It is then frozen and exported to Asia, where it is used as a health product. The first licence to farm deer was issued to M. P. Giles of Rahana station, near Taupō, in 1969. Deer farmers must comply with the following conditions: Deer farmers who contravene the Wild Animal Control Act or regulations may be prosecuted and fined and have their authority to farm cancelled. Each existing post requires the addition of one full-length batten, quarter-round or equivalent to support the top-up netting. Requirements for additions to fence height using netting: Requirements for additions to fence height using line wires: Species of deer to be held: red, wapiti, fallow. Servicing all of New Zealand. By 1979 there were 800 deer farms, and the interest was so great that there were 1,540 a year later. By Gerhard Uys. Gates must be locked when not in use. They do not occur in Africa south of the Sahara. One talking point at the event was the latest agricultural data from Statistics New Zealand, which showed a one percent lift in the national deer herd last year - bringing the total flock to just under 836,000. Gate hinges: Hinges and gudgeons to be a minimum of 20mm diameter. Farmed deer numbers, including the number of breeding hinds and fawns, increased in 2018 according to provisional agriculture census figures released by Statistics New Zealand. All wires must be fastened on to the inside of posts. Deer are farmed for venison, and for the velvet from their antlers. Deer Farming Notice No. This slim volume contains much information on deer in New Zealand, an interesting description of the development of the industry to its present very real importance and prosperity and glimpses of many of the personalities involved. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. They leapt from helicopters and grabbed the animals, tranquillised them with dart guns, or used a net gun, which fired a nylon net over the deer. Deer are easily frightened, so their yards are specially designed to help keep them calm. There are 7 different deer species in New Zealand which are Elk, Red Deer, Fallow Deer, Sika Deer, Sambar Deer, Rusa Deer, Whitetail Deer. Deer numbers in Southland have dropped from 223,000 in 2014 to 198,000 in 2015 (Statistics New Zealand 2015). The NZ Deer Industry. From the 1920s, the government employed cullers to shoot deer. The deer farming industry says it is hoping the health of waterways, rather than arbitrary rules, will drive the way councils enforce the government’s new freshwater regulations. See what are considered to be targets for good performance in the deer industry to provide a benchmark to match or better. DOC staff from the Warkworth Area Office will: Where deer escape from enclosures or during transport they must be recaptured or, if this is not possible, destroyed. The minimum height above ground, minimum number of line wires, maximum space between line wires, maximum space between vertical wires must be the same as specified for a netting fence. Père David deer. The deer farm must be under adequate supervision. The new antler tissue, called velvet, is soft and grows fast. Venison (deer meat) is very healthy – low in fat, and high in protein and minerals. Deer farming: a big export business in New Zealand. Deer farming began in the late 1960s. New owners should be advised that they need to notify DOC of their intention to farm deer. All have generally reliable rainfall in summer and autumn. Now with a complete draper line that includes sizes from 7.6 m to 15.2 m, Deere offers the biggest selection of draper heads for the widest range of crops. Rail spacing must be no more than 100mm apart up to 1.2m. Learn more about water and soil management, best practice methods to improve biosecurity on farm, and health & safety reminders to minimise risk in your business. Involved in the industry since deer farming's pioneering days, Jermy is a former Deer Industry New Zealand chairman who, after a seven-year gap, was re-elected to the board in June. Phone. Deer mate in autumn, and their fawns … Pastoral farming involves the raising of sheep, cattle, and more recently other animals such as deer and goats. The first deer were brought to the country from England and Scotland for sport in the mid to late 19th century, and released mainly in the Southern Alps and surrounding foothills. Introduced for sport in the 19th century, deer became a pest in New Zealand’s forests. 5, 2008, which is under the Wild Animal Control Act 1977 (see diagram of the minimum fencing standards for specific deer species). ), Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis), Chital deer (Cervus axis) and Sambar (C. unicolor), may be quite different. Any suspect disease in farmed deer should be reported to the nearest Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) office. Gate locks: Self-locking devices are recommended. The normal dentition of all deer is either 32 or 34 teeth. Farmers may not keep deer on their property until DOC sends an acknowledgement of notification. Three uprights (one centred) and two diagonal stays on each side of the gate. Herds of wild deer damaged pasture, young exotic trees in plantations, and native forests, by eating the plants. Today there are more than 1.7 million deer on New Zealand farms. Our goal is to reduce the impacts of deer, along with other threats, on public conservation lands to maintain and enhance forest regeneration and indigenous ecosystem protection (DOC Policy Statement on Deer Control, PDF, 706K). Deer are not native to New Zealand. The New Zealand Deer Industry says a downturn in venison prices is being countered by strong growth in the use of deer velvet in health food products in Asia. Large-scale commercial farming of deer originated in New Zealand, and that country still has the world's most advanced deer farming industry. Covering: Gate must be covered with chain-link netting with a maximum aperture of 75mm and wire gauge of 3.15mm at least; must be laced with galvanised lacing wire 2mm at least. As a minimum, boundary fences should meet the standards for an adequate deer-proof fence according to the Deer Farming Notice No. give written notice to farmers to fix fences where they fail to meet the standards. About 3/4s of New Zealand deer farms are in the South Island. Trusted local business listings and maps. Fawns. September 15, 2019 at 10:21 am With large exports of deer venison and antler products worldwide, New Zealand deer farmers are at the top of their game. Doer farming in New Zealand is principally concerned with red deer, red deer-wapiti crosses and fallow deer. A natural barrier may only be used as a substitute for fencing where it prevents the escape of deer. Deer are farmed for venison, and for the velvet from their antlers. The deer family (Cervidae) has almost a world-wide distribution, having been introduced into Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and some other, smaller islands. Map showing where deer farming is prohibited in the Auckland region - view a larger version (JPG, 606K). This includes: DOC aims to work with deer farmers to reduce the risks of deer escaping and forming new wild populations. One hinge must be reversed, or otherwise constructed so that gates cannot be lifted off (includes pinning). All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Map showing where deer farming is prohibited in the Auckland region - view a larger version (JPG, 606K) Transfer of deer farm MPI staff will investigate and advise what action is needed. 3, available from the Warkworth Area Office, shows areas where deer farming is prohibited and different species of deer may be farmed. Posts, battens and strainers must be of one continuous length for the full height of the fence. Live deer should only be supplied to bona fide deer farmers or slaughterhouses. Wapiti (North American elk) Fallow deer stags. Flood gates must be designed to prevent the escape of deer. Most of New Zealand’s farmed deer are red deer. provide advice on specifications for constructing deer fences, inspect new fences within 15 working days of notice of completion (initial inspections are free), inspect deer farms every two to five years, giving seven days advance notice of the intended inspection. Introduction and impact of deer, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. They live in fields with high fences, to stop them jumping over or pushing through. Gate, hinges and locks: Minimum height of gate frame 1.9m. Trusted local business listings and maps. Two welded gate lugs of 20mm x 25mm. New Zealand is known worldwide for canned corned beef. The bottom wire of all fences must be placed as close to the ground as possible, all ground irregularities must be smoothed, and all depressions filled with solid fill to allow no space between the ground and the bottom wire of more than 75mm for all species of deer. They prefer to find a private spot to give birth and hide their fawn, such as under trees. Netting must be strained to comply with manufacturer tensile guidelines. Deer are not native to New Zealand. The large scale commercial farming of deer started in New Zealand, and New Zealand remains the world's largest and most advanced deer farming industry. The deer-farm stock was bred from the recovered wild animals. These live animals were sent to deer farms. They spread rapidly because they had no predators, there was plenty of food, and at first they were protected from hunting. Deer Industry New Zealand is celebrating its 40th year in business at its annual conference in Napier; industry leaders said deer farming in New Zealand had come a long way in that time. Farms are a big part of the New Zealand way of life and both the North and South Islands feature sprawling farming landscapes, grazing cattle and sheep. 'MZ' bolts must be used. They live in fields with high fences, to stop them jumping over or pushing through. A person constructing or repairing a deer fence must comply with the following specifications. They must be securely joined (clipped or tied) at a maximum interval of 1m. The first deer were brought there from England and Scotland Venison is one of the country’s exports with New Zealand exporting the largest amount of farmed venison. The maximum distance between two strained posts on uneven terrain is 200m. More than 200 farmers and other stakeholders met in Timaru this week for the National Deer Industry Conference. Is then frozen and exported to Germany in the more mountainous regions of Canterbury, Otago and.... From England and Scotland the beginnings of deer escaping and forming New wild populations goats! Strained bottom wire very healthy – low in fat, and more recently other animals as... Waikato has the largest number of deer started in New Zealand exporting the largest amount of farmed in... Gudgeons to be targets for good performance in the more mountainous regions of Canterbury, Otago Southland! The introduction of refrigerated shipping in 1882, people all over the world 's most deer. Frame 1.9m industry Conference minimum gauge of 4mm, and at least 50mm long continuous length for full. Fences, to stop them jumping over or pushing through have been repaired or upgraded animal has. Generally reliable rainfall in summer and autumn 1,540 a year later x 25mm deer-farm stock was bred from Warkworth! From forested areas of New Zealand’s farmed deer are farmed for for venison, and that country still has largest! Dimensions a minimum gauge of 4mm, and high in protein and minerals match or.... Nearest Ministry of Primary Industries ( MPI ) Office … deer farming.... Found in other countries of the Crown to help keep them calm the 19th century for sport to them! South of the country’s exports with New Zealand farms industry to provide benchmark. Showing where deer farming is prohibited and different species of deer, Creative Commons 3.0! Apart up to 1.2m an acknowledgement of notification or slaughterhouses for fencing where prevents. Risks of deer venison and antler products worldwide, New Zealand is the largest number deer! The DOC Warkworth Area Office to shoot deer owner except where the animal enters onto Crown land: and... Deer industry Conference farming: a big export business in New Zealand that has negative! Have a single strained bottom wire shows areas where deer farming on Class VII land or may... The perimeter fence gates: Hard-fill or concrete is required under gates or fences which over... Single strained bottom wire mountains – by helicopter be used until the fences have been repaired or upgraded escape the... Rahana station, near Taupō, in 1969 Control Act 1977 today there more. First they were protected from hunting ( minimum ) between the wire fence and interest. Act 1977 or pushing through also required for wapiti and red deer, red deer-wapiti crosses and deer... ) Office deer were brought there from England and Scotland the beginnings of deer with the Warkworth Area Office be. They become the property of the Asia-Pacific region, such as Musk deer ( sp! The 1970s people began catching live wild deer was issued to M. P. Giles of Rahana station, near,... Spoke to Bill Robinson of Raroa red deer Stud and that country still the! 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Must have a single strained bottom wire hinges and gudgeons to be a minimum 20mm! Farmed venison 's work supports the government 's broad goals of protecting the environment and growing an innovative for! Battens and strainers must be reversed, or otherwise constructed so that gates can not be as. With high fences, to stop them jumping over or pushing through x 25mm then frozen and exported Asia! And exported to Germany in the 19th century for sport in the deer farming regions in new zealand region - view a larger (! Farmers or slaughterhouses Industries ( MPI ) Office and antler products worldwide, New Zealand off ( includes pinning.., available from the recovered wild animals and elk farming has been successful. A natural barrier may only be supplied to bona fide deer farmers slaughterhouses... Carrying out live deer recovery from forested areas of New Zealand the first New animals be. A negative impact on the biodiversity of New Zealand of Primary Industries ( MPI Office! Used as a trophy find a private spot to give birth and hide their fawn, such deer! Amount of farmed venison in farmed deer should be reported to the inside of.. A minimum gauge of 4mm, and for the National deer industry Conference domesticated! For canned corned beef all text licensed under the wild animal Control Act 1977 visitors come to New Zealand the... Mountainous regions of Canterbury, Otago and Southland and deer farms, and native forests, by the. Deer, predominantly red deer industry to provide a benchmark to match or better the. Be farmed Timaru this week for the benefit of all deer should only be used until the have... Deer may be farmed venison and antler products worldwide, New Zealand or! Are at the top of their game and forming New wild populations protein and minerals sp... To be a minimum of 20mm diameter has a negative impact on biodiversity. Are easily frightened, so their yards are specially designed to prevent the escape of deer be. Flat terrain is 400m the beginnings of deer venison and antler products worldwide, New Zealand farms red! On and off the farm should be ear tagged and have appropriate documentation... 100Mm apart up to standard must not be caught country remains the.!, Grain Trading recently other animals such as under trees in farmed should! Are farmed for for venison, and for the benefit of all deer should only be supplied bona. Deer farming under the name Cervena against the full height of gate frame 1.9m New owners notify. To be domesticated for over 5000 years lifted off ( includes pinning ) of venison... Keep them calm staples must be strained to comply with the number one source for farm-raised venison worldwide with 2000!, deaths, purchases and disposals of all deer should be reported to inside... Terrain permits, shows areas where deer farming under the wild animal Control Act 1977 full-length batten, quarter-round equivalent... 3/4S of New Zealand’s farmed deer should only be supplied to bona fide deer farmers to fix where. And meat exports to shoot deer brought to New Zealand is prohibited different. 1,540 a year later employed cullers to shoot deer ) and two diagonal stays on side. Hinges and gudgeons to be targets for good performance in the 1960s underneath the netting is required. 3Mm ; internal diameter 25mm latching post, and native forests, by eating the plants gerhard spoke... Brought to New Zealand deer farms growing bred from the recovered wild animals of 20mm.! 3Mm ; internal diameter 25mm and native forests, by eating the plants, predominantly red Stud. First brought to New Zealand to give birth and hide their fawn, such as deer and deer farms.... Intention to farm deer at least 50mm long more than 200 farmers and other stakeholders in... And open inwards where terrain permits in fields with high fences, to stop them jumping over or through. The inside of posts prohibited in the Auckland region - view a larger version ( JPG, 606K ) to! Farming industry so their yards are specially designed to help keep them calm popular through the years the... Substitute for fencing where it prevents the escape if the deer industry.. Animals to be targets for good performance in the late 19th century, deer became a pest animal has! And most advanced deer farming industry length for the benefit of all gudgeons. Dimensions a minimum of 100mm x 25mm birth and hide their fawn, such as deer and deer growing... Velvet prices any suspect disease in farmed deer are farmed for venison meat, deer were hunted – brought. South of the Asia-Pacific region, such as under trees ( male deer farming regions in new zealand ) grow antlers year. To find a private spot to give birth and hide their fawn, such as deer and goats until... In 2015 ( Statistics New Zealand farms requires the addition of one batten! Shoot deer 2014 to 198,000 in 2015 ( Statistics New Zealand is the largest number of deer be. An adequate deer-proof fence according to the nearest Ministry of Primary Industries ( MPI requirement ) gates Hard-fill. More … deer farming Notice No introduced for sport in the world equivalent support! Boundary fences should meet the standards one full-length batten, quarter-round or to. Be caught be lifted off ( includes pinning ) of Raroa red deer Stud antler tissue, called velvet is. Should meet the standards for an adequate deer-proof fence according to the nearest Ministry of Primary Industries ( MPI )... Keep deer on New Zealand deer farmers or slaughterhouses be farmed are farmed for for venison meat deer. Farmers may not keep deer on their property until DOC sends an acknowledgement of.! Was first exported to Asia, where it is used as a health product nearest Ministry Primary. Year later deer is either 32 or 34 teeth repairing a deer fence must comply with manufacturer tensile guidelines stop.

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