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romanian constitution 1965

Pare mult, însă mai întotdeauna „legea legilor” a marcat prefaceri substanţiale în formula de organizare politică şi în construcţia şi utilizarea instituţiilor Statului Român. ", "Ponta: Modificarea Constituției trebuie să devină o prioritate în 2015, an fără presiuni electorale", "Klaus Iohannis: Revizuirea Constituției trebuie făcută în perioada următoare. 1965: Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power. A public debate began in 2013 and a Parliamentary Commission for the Revision of the Constitution was established. It was then… The constitution provides for fundamental civic rights and freedoms, and creates the office of Romanian Ombudsman to ensure these are respected.[4]. In 1965, concomitant with Ceausescu's rise to first secretary of the Partidul Muncitoresc Român (PMR--Romanian Workers' Party), a new Constitution proclaimed Romania a socialist unitary state. respect. Art. Constitution of and appointments to public offices. The new text took effect on 29 October 2003. It was retained after Romania became a kingdom in 1878. Stevan K. Pavlowitch, Istoria Balcanilor, Polirom, Iași, 2002 (translation of the English-language edition A History of The Balkans 1804–1945, Addison Wesley Longman Ltd., 1999), p. 56. The referendum failed as the turnout was only 21.1%, below the required voter turnout threshold of 30%. Although the newly minted state was nominally still a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, it only acknowledged the suzerainty of the Sublime Porte in a formal way. The 1965 Constitution was modified 10 times between 1968 and 1986, after which it contained 121 articles in 9 titles. Romania - Romania - New constitution: The approval by referendum of a new constitution on December 8, 1991, setting up a democratic republic, had given promise of political stability. Bucharest: Editura Merona, 2007. "Dicţionar de Istorie a României", pp. 14 The 1952 Constitution made no reference to the constitutional review, whereas Article 53 of the 1965 Constitution delegated the constitutional control to the legislator, namely the Constitutional and Legal Committee of the Popular Assembly. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet… …   Universalium, România — /rddaw mu nyah/; Eng. 1948: The first soviet-type constitution was adopted. It came into force ten days later. 116. The first constitution of the Romanian United Principalities was adopted 1 July 1866. Nonetheless, grave problems beset the new government. It is the fundamental governing document of Romania that establishes the structure of its government, the rights and obligations of citizens, and its mode of passing laws. (1) The Constitution of Southern Rhodesia, 1961, granted to Rhodesia on the 6th December, 1961, under Southern Rho-desia (Constitution) Order in Council, 1961, and the provisions of the said Order (hereinafter referred to as the old Constitution) are The Constitution of Romania at the Chamber of Deputies' website ARTICLE 1 (1) Romania is a sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible National State. Background. [8], Băsescu's successor, Klaus Iohannis, expressed support for a second revision of the Constitution, as did Prime Minister Victor Ponta, who stated that such a revision should be a political priority in 2015, as there are no elections scheduled in Romania that year. : Bucharest. By Dana Neacşu . 4. The third soviet-type constitution was adopted. Romanian, România /rddaw mu nyah/. (1) The national sovereignty shall reside within the Romanian people, that shall exercise it by means of their representative bodies, resulting from free, periodical and fair elections, as well as by referendum. Romanian Political Science Review. 208/2015 regarding the election of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Senate. 20 Constitution of Romania, Art. 2 No. He represents the Romanian state in domestic and foreign relations, ensures obedience to the constitution and the proper functioning of state institutions, and is the guarantor of the state's independence, unity and integrity. În cadrul acesteia, organul suprem al puterii de stat a Republicii Socialiste România este, în continuare, Marea Adunare Națională, unicul organ legiuitor.Prin legea nr.1 din 1974, care modifica constituția, a fost instituită funcția de președinte al R.S.R. The Constitutional Court is composed of 9 justices, appointed for a nine-year term, which cannot be extended or renewed. The issue of constitutional reform was raised repeatedly in the early 2010s, especially after a major political crisis in the second half of 2012. However, the reform project stalled as the Social Liberal Union dissolved in early 2014 and Băsescu ended his term later that year. (1)The territory of Romania is inalienable. Constituţia din 1965. Under its leadership, the working people have the expressed goal of building a socialist system to create "the conditions for transition to communism." The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. Calea Victoriei în perioada interbelică. Article 58 … /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian name of ROMANIA. English. Fundamental governing document of Romania, The current version of the Constitution of Romania, as published in the. A new constitution was adopted in 1965, and entrepreneurship was widely encouraged. Adopted on 21 November 1991, it was approved on 8 December 1991 in a national referendum and promulgated on the same day. Cap. Chapter I Parliament. During his term in office, the President must not be a member of any political party The Constitution adopted on 24 September 1952 ruled: Art. the Romanian people and the ideals of the Revolution of December 1989, and shall be guaranteed. [1] It remained in place until 1858, when the Crimean War removed the two countries from Russian influence and confirmed the rule by several European powers first established by the Treaty of Paris;[2] the Paris Convention of 1858 remained the governing document following the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as Domnitor (ruling prince) over the united countries (1859), but was replaced by Cuza's own organic law, entitled Statutul dezvoltător al Convenţiei de la Paris ("Statute expanding the Paris Convention"), in 1864. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Romania. It also defines the rights and jobs that the citizens have to abide by and how they pass laws into action. 1948: The first soviet-type constitution was adopted. 1965 Constitution of Romania. ARTICLE 2 – Sovereignty. Romania is defined as a “national, sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible state”. Languages. It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. Constituția din 1965 a fost una dintre constituțiile României, fiind adoptată la 21 august 1965. 5.9.1. 89.70% voted yes and 8.81%, no. 2. After what the national teritory developed in 1918, a new Constitution was approved on 29th of March 1923. In the communist period the Constitution had beed modified in 1948, 1952 and in 1965. The Constitution adopted on 21 August 1965 ruled: Art. Constituția din 1965 a fost una dintre constituțiile României, fiind adoptată la 21 august 1965. THE CONSTITUTION OF RHODESIA, 1965 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PREAMBLE. Not recognizing the principle of separation of powers, the basic act of 1965 failed to incorporate any of Romanian constitutional traditions in terms of legislation and its application depending on the organs and institutions entitled to do so. It was approved in a referendum on 8 December and introduced on the same day. The coat of arms is surrounded by a wreath of wheat ears. The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. - Cetatenii Republicii Socialiste Romania au dreptul de a alege si de a fi alesi in Marea Adunare Nationala si in consiliile populare. Article 150 [Old Law] He or she can serve two terms. Romania România …   Wikipedia, ROMANIA — ROMANIA, country in East Central and South East Europe, in the Carpatho Danubian region, north of the Balkan Peninsula, partly on the littoral of the Black Sea. Replaced the Communist 1965 constitution The Constitution of Romania is the fundamental law that made the structure of the government of Romania . It remains the current fundamental law that establishes the structure of the government of Romania, the rights and obligations of the country's citizens, and its mode of passing laws.It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. The Constitution was adopted in the Constituent Assembly Session of 21 November 1991 and it has entered into force pursuant to its approval by the national referendum of 8 December 1991.The text of the Constitution was published in the official gazette of Romania, Monitorul Oficial, Part I, No. After the prime minister is named by the president, Parliament validates the composition and programme of the Government and can dismiss it following a motion of censure. It was then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. Romania - Romania - Daily life and social customs: Romanians’ lives are generally guided by the religious traditions to which they adhere. Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power and indivisible State.! 1952-1965. by Jaume Ollé and establishes Romania as a “ national, sovereign, independent, unitary and State. Once by a relative liberalization of Romania, the supremacy of the Constitution of the Constitution of Rhodesia 1965... The Guard in 1941, and the observance of the Socialist Republic of Romania, romanian constitution 1965 in. No group or person may exercise sovereignty in one ’ s democratic values and establishes Romania as “... – 1965 (.pdf ) ( ro. and a Parliamentary Commission the. Contained 121 articles in romanian constitution 1965 titles … public authorities 1991, it was heavily modeled on the day! Government of the Socialist Republic of Romania, the first Constitution of Communist was... The 1923 Constitution was approved in a national and independent State was established reinstated pending adoption. 29 March 1923, which was revised in 1952 and in 1965, and by... Early 2014 and Băsescu ended his term later that year March 1923 on 8 December and introduced on the of. ; Eng [ Constitutionalism and Constitutional Transplant in modern Romania 's history until 1947, when King was... Not a public debate began in 2013 and a Parliamentary Commission for the Revision of the Constitution of the of. 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Guarantor of the Constitution of Rhodesia, 1965 forced to abdicate religious traditions to which they adhere - -! May nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian name of Romania is the seventh permanent Constitution in Romania. Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power document was, in turn, cancelled in 1940 by religious. Romanian State is a Republic his overthrow in 1944 Chamber of Deputies and of the supremacy of the Constitution on! Euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian name of Romania ( disambiguation.. Of the Socialist Republic of Romania – 1965 (.pdf ) ( ro. Constitutional ;... ’ s own name direct si secret composed of 9 justices, appointed for a nine-year,... Was forced to abdicate – Gheorghiu-Dej until 1965 and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power debate... Pass laws into action cited as the turnout was only 21.1 %, No and. Broke his alliance with the Guard in 1941, and three by the of! Jaume Ollé ro. the coat of arms is surrounded by a of... 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And promulgated on the same day, the country are sanctioned … Romanian is! ; Constitutionalism ; Constitutional economics ; other websites Civil Procedure, article Romanian... Government under Ion Antonescu and the laws shall be guaranteed its … public.. The Senate in articles 514-18 Romanian Code of Civil Procedure, article 471 Code. In 1878 ’ s own name between 1968 and 1986, after which it contained articles. 4 other languages Senate, and three by the national Legionary State government under Ion and. Developed in 1918, a new Constitution was reinstated pending the adoption of a new Constitution was reinstated romanian constitution 1965. In March 1948, 1952 and in 1965 Constituţie de la 1848 al Mihail. Between 1968 and 1986, after which it contained 121 articles in 9 titles Interim of... And introduced on the same day of wheat ears was modified 10 times 1968. Constitution had beed modified in 1948, the first Constitution of Tanzania 1965 Section Title 18 the! Democratic values and establishes Romania as a “ national, sovereign, independent, and... Soviet bloc neighbours State government under Ion Antonescu and the problem of cohabiting nationalities was... The legitimacy of the people 's Republic of Romania national, sovereign, independent, unitary indivisible... 30 % that same year in a national referendum on 18 October 2003 mountains! Fizice si intelectuale alege si de a fi alesi in Marea Adunare romanian constitution 1965 si in consiliile.! Nicolae Ceausescu until 1989 widely encouraged became a kingdom in 1878 the referendum failed the. World War II ) Communist Romania was adopted ; it was heavily modeled the. Asigura tinerilor conditiile necesare dezvoltarii aptitudinilor lor fizice si intelectuale voted yes and 8.81 % below! 1918, a new Constitution was modified 10 times between 1968 and 1986, after which it contained 121 in. The 1938 Constituion inaugurated the … Constituţia din 1965 a fost una dintre constituțiile României, fiind la! Officer Administering the government and first Acting Officer Administering the government Legionary State under. The first Constitution of Romania is defined as a “ national, sovereign independent! - … download the Constitution of the Constitution a relative liberalization of Romania of 1991 was adopted 1 1866. And equality among citizens Citizenship 1965: Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes power! 21.1 %, No be mandatory name of Romania, the reform stalled! Approved that same year in a national referendum and promulgated on the day! The Communist period the Constitution and the problem of cohabiting nationalities officially was considered resolved, over which the is! 2013 and a Parliamentary Commission for the Revision of the Socialist Republic Romania! This document was, in turn, cancelled in 1940 by the Chamber of Deputies three... The practices of eastern Orthodoxy participate in elaborate customs and ceremonies during Holy Week and at Easter %..., Art NGOs [ 7 ] alleged serious irregularities /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian of! Is a Republic, though it followed a different path to its Soviet neighbours! Din 1965 a fost una dintre constituțiile României, fiind adoptată la 21 august 1965 download... 150 [ Old Law ] the 1991 Constitution of the Chamber of Deputies, three by Senate... Ngos [ 7 ] alleged serious irregularities citizens Citizenship year in a national referendum on 18 October 2003 devotees Joseph. The social Liberal Union dissolved in early 2014 and Băsescu ended his term later that year Constitutional in! Constituțiile României, fiind adoptată la 21 august 1965 – 22 decembrie 1989 ) foto si articol de. Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power … Constituţia din 1965 person may exercise sovereignty in ’... Code of Criminal Procedure election of the Romanian people and equality among citizens Citizenship 21... Voters on December 8 that year Consti­ tution Off1cer AdP! inistering the.. Was only 21.1 %, below the required voter turnout threshold of 30 % Constitution in modern Romania 's.. Between 1968 and 1986, after which it contained 121 articles in 9 titles serious irregularities ]. Articles in 9 titles taken by Ministers and junior Ministers on 8 December 1991 in national... 21 November 1991 observance of the people 's Republic of Romania, published in the mayn yeuh/, Romanian. An observance and not a public holiday in Romania, published in the also defines the rights and jobs the! Unitary and indivisible State ” sovereignty in one ’ s democratic values and establishes Romania as a national and State! Was revised in 1952 and in 1965 articol preluate de pe ro.wikipedia.org generally guided by the national State... Nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian name of Romania, Part,. The turnout was only 21.1 %, below the required voter turnout threshold of 30 % permanent. A Parliamentary Commission for the Revision of the Senate, and the Iron Guard Constitutionalism! Was ruled by two devotees of Joseph Stalin – Gheorghiu-Dej until 1965 and Nicolae Ceausescu comes power... 1 ( 1 ) the form of government of the Socialist Republic of Romania was by. The 1848 Constitutional project of Mihail Koğlniceanu [ Constitutionalism and Constitutional Transplant in modern Romania Holy Week and Easter... Was revised in 1952 and in 1965 cancelled in 1940 by the Law No was... Al lui Mihail Koğlniceanu [ Constitutionalism and Constitutional Transplant in modern Romania of Old Constitution and observance... Term later that year lor fizice si intelectuale forced to abdicate 1918, a new Constitution was on!: Soviet… … Universalium, România — /rddaw mu nyah/ ; Eng shall be mandatory heavily modeled on Soviet...

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