The most notable of Corfu's museums and libraries are located in the city; these include:. Corfu has a large stock of pre-World War II architecture, making it one of the older and more historic villages in the country. The Imperial gardens on the hill look over the surrounding green hills and valleys and the Ionian sea. These five sites located around the city of Corfu used to be the aristocracy’s favourites: During the British occupation, in 1814, the leprosarium was once again opened after renovations, and following Enosis in 1864 the leprosarium again saw occasional use. The airport offers domestic flights from Olympic Airlines (OA 600, 602 and 606), and Aegean Airlines (A3 402, 404 and 406). Where the Venetians, the French and the British used to live. , The first opera to be performed in the San Giacomo was in 1733 ("Gerone, tiranno di Siracusa"), and for almost two hundred years, between 1771 and 1943, nearly every major opera from the Italian tradition, as well as many others from Greek and French composers, were performed on the stage of the San Giacomo; this tradition continues to be reflected in Corfiote operatic history, a fixture in famous opera singers' itineraries. The bands, however, defiantly played it on the Eve of Easter, as a token of the resurrection of the nation, and the tradition is honoured to this day. Michael and George, formerly the residence of the British governor and the seat of the Ionian Senate, and the summer Palace of Mon Repos, formerly the property of the Greek royal family and birthplace of the Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.  A Corfu cleric and scholar, Nikephoros Theotokis (1732–1800) became renowned in Greece as an educator, and in Russia (where he moved later in his life) as an Orthodox archbishop. In 229 BC, following the naval battle of Paxos, it was captured by the Illyrians, but was speedily delivered by a Roman fleet and remained a Roman naval station until at least 189 BC. Saint Spyridon the Thaumaturgist (Miracle-worker, Θαυματουργός) is the patron saint (πολιούχος) of the city and the island. The villagers also fought against the invaders playing an active role in the defence of the castle.  The temple at Kardaki is considered an important and to a certain degree mysterious topic on the subject of early ancient Greek architecture. Species vary in size from the greater flamingo to the goldcrest. Korfu von 1797 bis 1944.  The island is part of the Corfu regional unit, and is administered by three municipalities with the islands of Othonoi, Ereikoussa and Mathraki. The admiral George of Antioch captured Corfu again in 1147, and it took a ten-month siege for Manuel I Komnenos to recover the island in 1149. Menecrates was the ambassador of ancient Korkyra to Oeiantheia, modern day Galaxidi or Ozolian Locris, and he was lost at sea. It is known as the first Doric temple exclusively built with stone. 2019 is expected to be the country's third consecutive year of growth, at a pace of about 2.2 percent. The Temple of Artemis is an Archaic Greek temple in Corfu, built in around 580 BC in the ancient city of Korkyra (or Corcyra), in what is known today as the suburb of Garitsa. Ð§Ð¸ÑÐ»ÐµÐ½Ð½Ð¾ÑÑÑ Ð½Ð°ÑÐµÐ»ÐµÐ½Ð¸Ñ ÐÐµÑÐºÐ¸ÑÐ°. The architecture of the Old Town of Corfu along with its narrow streets, the kantounia, has clear Venetian influence and is amongst the World Heritage Sites in Greece. 23: 17-25. It was the first school of classical music in Greece and it was a heavy influence for the later Greek music scene, after the independence. Examples of the finds can be found in the Museum of the Palace of Mon Repos and at the Archaeological Museum of Corfu.. Jason and Medea were married there in 'Medea's Cave'. In the inscription it is also mentioned that the brother of Menecrates, Praximenes, had arrived from Oeiantheia to assist the people of Korkyra in building the monument to his brother.. Lizard species include typical lizards and geckos like the starred agama, the Mediterranean house gecko, the moorish gecko, the Dalmatian algyroides, the common wall lizard, the Balkan wall lizard, the Balkan green lizard, the European green lizard and the snake-eyed skink as also the legless Greek slow worm and the European glass lizard. Corfu's Philharmonic Societies provide free instruction in music, and continue to attract young recruits. The phrase "applaudito in Corfu" (applauded in Corfu) was a measure of high accolade for an opera performed on the island.  Very few Greek temple reliefs from the Archaic period have survived, and the large fragments of the group from the pediment are the earliest significant survivals. The worst losses were the historic buildings of the Ionian Academy (Ιόνιος Ακαδημία), the Municipal Theatre (which in 1901 had replaced the Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfù), the Municipal Library, and the Ionian Parliament. IUCN Otter Spec. While much of present-day Greece was under Ottoman rule, the Ionian Islands enjoyed a Golden Age in music and opera. Consequently the Turks were never able to create a beachhead and to occupy the island.. Ð½Ð°Ð¹ÑÐµ ÑÐ¸ÑÐ»ÐµÐ½Ð½Ð¾ÑÑÑ Ð½Ð°ÑÐµÐ»ÐµÐ½Ð¸Ñ Ð² Ð²Ð°ÑÐµÐ¼ ÑÐµÐ³Ð¸Ð¾Ð½Ðµ! Hence Spyridon is a popular first name for Greek males born on the island and/or to islanders. Updated 11:36 AM ET, Sat June 29, 2019 .  The same day, the Venetian fleet encountered the Ottoman fleet off the Corfu Channel and defeated it in the ensuing naval battle. , Kassiopi Castle is considered one of the most imposing architectural remains in the Ionian Islands, along with Angelokastro, Gardiki Castle and the two Venetian Fortresses of Corfu City, the Citadel and the New Fort. Under Venetian rule, the Corfiotes developed a fervent appreciation of Italian opera, which was the real source of the extraordinary (given conditions in the mainland of Greece) musical development of the island during this era. The Reading Society of Corfu has an extensive library of old Corfu manuscripts and rare books. Selon la légende, une noble dame de l'île aurait inventé le Jeu de la Raquette, ancêtre du tennis, qui est représenté par Gabriele Bella avant 1792 dans un tableau conservé à la Pinacothèque Querini-Stampalia. "The Revolution in Corcyra." At a date no doubt previous to the foundation of Syracuse, Corfu was peopled by settlers from Corinth, probably 730 BC, but it appears to have previously received a stream of emigrants from Eretria. According to a scholiast, commenting on the passage in Argonautica, the island was first of all called Macris after the nurse of Dionysus who fled there from Euboea. Corfu attracts tourists with its amazing beaches and attractions like the old town (UNESCO world cultural heritage listed). The name Corfù, an Italian version of the Byzantine Κορυφώ (Koryphō), meaning "city of the peaks", derives from the Byzantine Greek Κορυφαί (Koryphai) (crests or peaks), denoting the two peaks of Palaio Frourio.. Corfu is mostly planted with olive groves and vineyards and has been producing olive oil and wine since antiquity.  The 1994 European Union summit was held in Corfu. , This opposition came to a head in the early part of the 7th century BC, when their fleets fought the first naval battle recorded in Greek history: 665 BC according to Thucydides. , The lion is dated at the end of the 7th century BC and it is one of the earliest funerary lions ever found. , During the First World War, the island served as a refuge for the Serbian army that retreated there on Allied forces' ships from a homeland occupied by the Austrians, Germans and Bulgarians. From 1386 to 1797, Corfu was ruled by Venetian nobility; much of the city reflects this era when the island belonged to the Republic of Venice, with multi-storied buildings on narrow lanes.  In Evraiki (Εβραική, meaning Jewish quarter), there is currently a synagogue with about 65 members, who still speak their original Italkian language.. Today the palace is open to the public and forms a complex of halls and buildings housing art exhibits, including a Museum of Asian Art, unique across Southern Europe in its scope and in the richness of its Chinese and Asian exhibits.  If still in use by the 4th-century, the temple would have been closed during the persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, when the Christian Emperors issued edicts prohibiting non-Christian worship. Corfu also produces local animal products, such as Corfiote graviéra (a variant of gruyere) and "Corfu" cheese (a variant of Grana); "Corfu butter" (Boútyro Kerkýras), an intensely flavored cooking and baking butter made of ewe's milk; and the noúmboulo salami made of pork and lard and flavored with orange peel, oregano, thyme and other aromatic herbs, which are also burned for smoking. Avifauna is extensive, with around 300 bird species recorded since the 19th century. , The Municipal Theatre of Corfu (Greek: Δημοτικό Θέατρο Κέρκυρας) has been the main theatre and opera house in Corfu, Greece since 1902. Like other native Greek Catholics, they celebrate Easter using the same calendar as the Greek Orthodox church.  Approximately two hundred out of a total population of 1,900 escaped. c. 400 BCE. Ruiz-Olmo, J. Down here you will see the dates of the most important summer festivals. The main islands are Othonoi, Ereikoussa and Mathraki. Corfiotes have a long history of hospitality to foreign residents and visitors, typified in the 20th century by Gerald Durrell's childhood reminiscence My Family and Other Animals. The Old Town of Corfu city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Olive trees dominate and their combination with cypress trees compose the typical Corfiot landscape. Currently, 84.3 % of the population of Greece is urban (8,831,631 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Greece is 81 people per Km 2 (210 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 128,900 Km2 (49,769 sq. Answer: Corfu (Kérkyra, Κέρκυρα), Greece (Administrative unit: Ionian Islands) - last known population is ≈ 39 300 (year 2011).This was 0.353% of total Greece population.If population growth rate would be same as in period 2001-2011 (-0.44%/year), Corfu population in 2020 would be: 37 802*.  During World War II, the Axis Occupation of Greece established a Nazi concentration camp there for the prisoners of the Greek Resistance movement, while remaining today are the two-storied building that served as the Headquarters of the Italian army, a small church, and the wall against which those condemned to death were shot. The metope of the temple was probably decorated, since remnants of reliefs featuring Achilles and Memnon were found in the ancient ruins. Other coaches drive up to twice a day to Athens and Thessaloniki. Coypus, fallow deer, Indian crested porcupines, Siberian chipmunks have been observed recently but they are escapees and only the coypu has viable population. , Homer identifies six plants that adorn the garden of Alcinous: wild olive, pear, pomegranate, apple, fig and grape vine. Corfu has ferry services both by traditional ferries to Gaios in the island of Paxoi and as far as Patras and both traditional ferries and advanced retractable airfoil, hydrodynamic-flow, high-speed ferries called "Flying Dolphins" to Igoumenitsa and Sarandë in neighbouring Albania. The commercially advantageous location of Corcyra on the way between Greece and Magna Grecia, and its fertile lowlands in the southern section of the island favoured its growth and, influenced perhaps by the presence of non-Corinthian settlers, its people, quite contrary to the usual practice of Corinthian colonies, maintained an independent and even hostile attitude towards the mother city. From 1720, Corfu became the possessor of the first theatre in post-1452 Greece. In 31 BC, it served Octavian (Augustus) as a base against Mark Antony. It was destroyed during a Luftwaffe aerial bombardment in 1943. *Benjamin of Tudela, in c. 1160, found only one Jew in Corfu.The number of Jews increased during the 13 th and 14 th centuries with the arrival of newcomers from the mainland.  The fortifications of the island were used by the Venetians to defend against Ottoman intrusion into the Adriatic. This statue was carved by German sculptor Ernst Gustav Herter. The Public Library of Corfu is located at the old English Barracks, in Palaio Frourio. As a result, Corfu's capital has been officially declared a Kastropolis ("castle city") by the Greek government. Kaiser Wilhelm II, while vacationing at his summer palace of Achilleion in Corfu and while Europe was preparing for war, was involved in excavations at the site of the ancient temple. Town's population is around 30,000. Thus, on 21 May, by proclamation of the Lord High Commissioner, the Ionian Islands were united with Greece. The small port of Lefkimmi is also to be found at the southernmost tip of the island on Cape Kavos, offering a ferry service to the mainland. From 2019 to 2020, Greece’s population declined 0.48%, losing over 50,000 people. Modern times have seen the introduction of specialist cultivation supported by the mild climate, like the kumquat and bergamot oranges, which are extensively used in making spoon sweets and liqueurs.  The island is a tourist destination.. An ornate music pavilion is also present, where the local "Philharmonikes" (Philharmonic Orchestras) (Φιλαρμονικές), mount classical performances in the artistic and musical tradition for which the island is well known. The image shows the Old Fortress. In 1798, during the French occupation, the islet was occupied by the Russo-Turkish fleet, who ran it as a military hospital. Pontikonisi is home of the monastery of Pantokrator (Μοναστήρι του Παντοκράτορος); the white stone staircase of the monastery, viewed from afar, gives the impression of a (mouse) tail, which lent the island its name. A wrought-iron aerial staircase, closed to visitors, descends to the sea from the gardens; the Greek royal family used it as a shortcut to the baths.  Indeed, the medieval name of Corfu first appears (Latinized Coryphus) in Liutprand of Cremona's account of his 968 embassy to the Byzantine court. Seaplanes, Air Sea Lines, a Greek seaplane operator, offers scheduled flights from Corfu to Paxoi, Lefkada, Ithaki, Kefalonia, Ioannina, Patras and Brindisi in Italy. The operas performed in Corfu were at par with their European counterparts. In the Hellenistic period Corcyra was exposed to attack from several sides. These hostilities ended in the conquest of Corcyra by the Corinthian tyrant Periander (Περίανδρος) who induced his new subjects to join in the colonization of Apollonia and Anactorium. 32,095) is also named Corfu. In Greece, cricket is unique to Corfu, as it was once a British protectorate. , Since the castle was abandoned for a long time, its structure is in a state of ruin. During the Greco-Italian War, Corfu was occupied by the Italians in April 1941. The palace, with the neoclassical Greek statues that surround it, is a monument to platonic romanticism as well as escapism. His daughter Lanassa on her marriage to Pyrrhus, King of Epirus only Greek temple of.. 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