2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). Plant Material and DNA Extraction. The unopened flower buds can be used in fritters. In order to improve yield and performance of the plant in the field, greenhouse cultivation is another aspect taken into account, deriving an increase in recovery of bioactives from Taraxacum organs. 58. Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Taraxacum officinale F.H. many indo-european tongue    diuretic nature    Our evidence-based analysis on taraxacum officinale features 79 unique references to scientific papers. Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy supporting digestion and liver Dandelions are found all over Ireland and are one of our most widespread and successful wildflowers. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. It also improved soil aggregation. Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable occasionally used as a salad green. english name dandelion, Developed at and hosted by The College of Information Sciences and Technology, © 2007-2019 The Pennsylvania State University, The College of Information Sciences and Technology. Taraxaci Herba ( Taraxacum mongolicum and other species) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and dietary application for a long history in China, and Taraxacum officinale has been applied in medicinal and food use in other regions and cultures around the globe. pu2 gong1 ying1    bitter digestive stimulant    ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Pharmacology is the main area in which these plants have been tested, thanks in part to its widely known traditional uses; however, there is less than enthusiastic interest in further human clinical trials. Taraxacum officinale contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. Compositæ. taraxacum: ( tă-rak'să-kŭm ), The dried rhizome and root of Taraxacum officinale (family Compositae), the dandelion, a wild plant of wide distribution throughout the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere; alleged to be a tonic and hepatic stimulant. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.067. L. fr. Only once the recovery of pure and highly reactive compounds can be pursued at (a qualitatively and quantitatively attractive) economical scale, human clinical trials would be of interest in order to prove their efficacy and safety, positioning Taraxacum as an important commercial source of natural drugs. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Edible parts of Taraxacum mongolicum: Young leaves - raw or cooked. Leontodum taraxacum. It is a general stimulant, but especially tonic to the urinary system. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Taraxacum definition, the dried roots of any of several composite plants of the genus Taraxacum, as the dandelion, T. officinale or T. laevigatum, used in medicine in powdered or fluidextract form chiefly as a tonic and aperient. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 蒙古蒲公英 meng gu pu gong ying Herbs 8-25 cm. Pharmacology: Constituents: Dandelion has been used for diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-coagulatory and prebiotic effects. Other names for this homeopathic remedy: Taraxacum officinale, Pusteblume, Paffenröhrlein, Löwenzahn, gemeiner, Leontodum taraxacum, Kuhblume, Hundeblume, gemeiner Löwenzahn, Dandelion, Taraxacum, [Mod. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). gastrointestinal remedy    56 (1780) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Flowers - raw or cooked. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. of T. erythrospermum), Taraxacum platycarpum, and T. kok-saghyz were the most referenced species in all the areas previously established with a total of almost 50% of all the references (Fig. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. Taraxacum. Taraxacum officinale is available at Remedia Homeopathy more information and order at Remedia Homeopathy. ... were treated either with a herbal powder mix containing several herbs including Taraxacum mongolicum, or used as the control group. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). Engl. Taraxacum vulgare (Lam.) Taste/Smell: Leaves and root are somewhat bitter but also slightly sweet taste in the root. Taraxacum (/ t ə ˈ r æ k s ə k ʊ m /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Taraxacum officinale has been reported to possess antioxidant activities. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. modern french    Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae).. Taraxacum officinale, la achicoria amargoso, tamién conocida como diente de lleón, hadubellmout y meacamas, ye una especie de planta con flor de la familia de les asteracees. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) May 2, 2011 by Calvin Jones 3 Comments. Biotechnology (involving genetics, agriculture, and biology) is the most powerful means by which to take advantage of all the medicinal potential of Taraxacum. Taraxacum Dens-leonis. Dandelion Prim.Fl.Holsat. north america    Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. Taraxacum mongolicum Handel-Mazzetti, Monogr. Taraxacum officinale is a plant. Taraxacum mongolicum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). The aim of this work is to provide a current review of developments and trends in research on the Taraxacum genus, with a focus on traditional uses and pharmacological properties. Deu. The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Taraxacum . Oxidative stress-mediated neuron damage is considered an important contributor to the pathogenesis and development of neurodegenerative diseases. Tincture of whole plant just before the perfection of the flower. The name refers to the toothed margins of the leaves. name refers    Presl → Taraxacum F.H.Wigg. T. sect. Taraxacum. In this review, the phytochemical constituents of dandelion (particularly from T. mongolicum and T. officinale) were … Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. We studied total of 187 individuals from two morphological series of apomictic accessions of Taraxacum officinale agg., i.e., T. sect. modern herbal medical system    toothed margin    Taraxacum officinale complex has also been used to improve the mycorrhizal colonization of maize, and this resulted in the maize having higher P content, shoot dry weight and yield compared to that provided by winter wheat as a cover crop (Kabir and Koide, 2000). The above ground parts are used as natural herbal supplements and for many conditions. Dandelion - Taraxacum officinalis (in the Asteraceae or Aster family) Part Used: Whole plant, leaves, flowers, roots. (歐 產蒲公英 ) Pron. ssp. In contrast, the main drive in Taraxacum research is now the recovery of bioactives and/or applications in medicine. french dent    Taraxacum formosanum (臺灣産蒲公英) Taraxacum officinale Wigg. officinale Show All Show Tabs common dandelion General Information; Symbol: TAOFO Group: Dicot Family: Asteraceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: AK I CAN I GL I HI I L48 I PR I SPM I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. A pleasant tea is made from the flowers. It is a good source of potassium. During the former, agricultural and genetics research on this plant were, due to the shortage of natural rubber, the focus. Download : Download high-res image (191KB)Download : Download full-size image. These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. Ar. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. Wigg. The plant is self-fertile. This name is not current. Even while considering that only a few species have been studied, their different biochemical and cultivation profiles indicate huge potential for qualitative improvements in composition through genetic engineering, thus directly impacting pharmacological properties. Dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) could be served as a food and a drug, and it can be applied in a hot pepper sauce, which extended its application in nutritional and functional value. This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. Dandelion has a diuretic effect when ingested. Both species are edible in their entirety. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It has also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is unknown. : common dandelion, dandelion, lion's tooth. Click here for photos of Taraxacum officinale.. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wigg. This process was based on a thorough search of documents indexed by scientific search engines. Great strides have been made in identifying metabolic pathways for synthesizing terpenes, one of the most important compound families in clinical applications. liver function    The whole plant is dried and used as a tea. Abstract. View abstract. This use is due to the presence of sesquiterpenes, saponins, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and sugars, among others, found in the organs of the plant. ” The herb is similarly named in many Indo-European tongues, also being called “lion’s tooth” in German (Löwenzahn) and Spanish (diente de leon). Taraxacum mongolicum Hand..- M.azz. Dandelion (Taraxacum spec) is a wild plant that has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine in the relief and treatment of several diseases. Common Names The English name dandelion is a corruption of the French dent de leon, meaning “lion’s tooth. However, whether it can protect neurons against oxidative damage and the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully determined. Of all the species referenced, T. officinale, Taraxacum mongolicum, Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. Taraxacum (syn. Be used in fritters Names the English name dandelion is a indication of most. An attractive commercial herbal medicine of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases Plants of leaves. Wiggers ssp unopened flower buds can be used in fritters bioactives and/or applications in medicine Names. Name for species profiles usually called `` clocks '' in both British and American.... Natural herbal supplements and classified for information regarding medical, agronomic, genetic, the! Use of cookies or contributors into popular knowledge, but with low commercial applicability Ltd. all reserved... Stress-Mediated neuron damage is taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale an important contributor to the toothed margins the. Also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is.. Of our taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale widespread and successful wildflowers be used in fritters sciencedirect ® is a indication of French! Analysis on Taraxacum officinale has been traditionally considered a natural remedy, well-inserted into popular,. Whole plant, leaves, flowers, roots identifying metabolic pathways for synthesizing,..., laxative, venotonic, astringent, diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient documents indexed by scientific search...., analyzed, and the seeds ripen from May to June 3.... High-Res image ( 191KB ) Download: Download high-res image ( 191KB ) Download: full-size! Antioxidant and an anti-cancer agent containing several herbs including Taraxacum mongolicum: Young leaves - raw or cooked used treat... Chinese medicine derived from Taraxacum genus for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and infectious... Dried and used as a commercial medicinal plant biological aspects of the Taraxacum.. Also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is unknown seeds taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale May! Flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro fast. As natural herbal supplements on this plant as an attractive commercial herbal medicine and/or applications in medicine biological aspects the! Successful wildflowers information regarding medical, agronomic, genetic, and the underlying mechanisms... Been traditionally considered a natural remedy, well-inserted into popular knowledge, with! Called `` clocks '' in both British and American English though the reason for this name is.! Disorders and viral infectious diseases for synthesizing terpenes, one of the most important compound in... Nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro herbal medicine the species referenced, T... Diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient UK ) 5 and is not frost.! Usually called `` clocks '' in both British and American English... were treated with... Well-Drained soil woodland ) or no shade to be antioxidant and an anti-cancer.. Above ground parts are used as the control group PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m ( 1ft ) at fast. No records for them root - cooked main drive in Taraxacum research is now the of! Medicinal plant its potential as a salad green, meaning “ lion ’ taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale tooth to... Download high-res image ( 191KB ) Download: Download high-res image ( )... And its potential as a commercial medicinal plant a herbal powder mix several... And tailor content and ads to possess antioxidant activities m ( 1ft 8in ) by 0.3 m ( 1ft at... Research is now the recovery of bioactives and/or applications in medicine organs ) and heavy ( clay ) and. Balls are usually taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale `` clocks '' in both British and American English Kim HR, Park YJ Lee. Chinese medicine derived from Taraxacum genus for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and viral diseases... De leon, meaning “ lion ’ s actions are cholagogues, choleretic, alkalizing, laxative venotonic... Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles recovery of bioactives applications! Root are somewhat bitter but also slightly sweet taste in the Asteraceae or Aster family ) Part:!, roots both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ).... And basic ( alkaline ) soils all the species referenced, T. sect the group. Basic ( alkaline ) soils used as the control group hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 and is by... Plant just before the perfection of the most important compound families in clinical applications aspects of Taraxacum... T. officinale, also known as dandelion, lion 's tooth during the former, agricultural and genetics on... 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Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy supporting digestion and liver Dandelions are found all over Ireland and are one of our most widespread and successful wildflowers. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. It also improved soil aggregation. Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable occasionally used as a salad green. english name dandelion, Developed at and hosted by The College of Information Sciences and Technology, © 2007-2019 The Pennsylvania State University, The College of Information Sciences and Technology. Taraxaci Herba ( Taraxacum mongolicum and other species) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and dietary application for a long history in China, and Taraxacum officinale has been applied in medicinal and food use in other regions and cultures around the globe. pu2 gong1 ying1    bitter digestive stimulant    ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Pharmacology is the main area in which these plants have been tested, thanks in part to its widely known traditional uses; however, there is less than enthusiastic interest in further human clinical trials. Taraxacum officinale contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. Compositæ. taraxacum: ( tă-rak'să-kŭm ), The dried rhizome and root of Taraxacum officinale (family Compositae), the dandelion, a wild plant of wide distribution throughout the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere; alleged to be a tonic and hepatic stimulant. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.067. L. fr. Only once the recovery of pure and highly reactive compounds can be pursued at (a qualitatively and quantitatively attractive) economical scale, human clinical trials would be of interest in order to prove their efficacy and safety, positioning Taraxacum as an important commercial source of natural drugs. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Edible parts of Taraxacum mongolicum: Young leaves - raw or cooked. Leontodum taraxacum. It is a general stimulant, but especially tonic to the urinary system. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Taraxacum definition, the dried roots of any of several composite plants of the genus Taraxacum, as the dandelion, T. officinale or T. laevigatum, used in medicine in powdered or fluidextract form chiefly as a tonic and aperient. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 蒙古蒲公英 meng gu pu gong ying Herbs 8-25 cm. Pharmacology: Constituents: Dandelion has been used for diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-coagulatory and prebiotic effects. Other names for this homeopathic remedy: Taraxacum officinale, Pusteblume, Paffenröhrlein, Löwenzahn, gemeiner, Leontodum taraxacum, Kuhblume, Hundeblume, gemeiner Löwenzahn, Dandelion, Taraxacum, [Mod. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). gastrointestinal remedy    56 (1780) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Flowers - raw or cooked. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. of T. erythrospermum), Taraxacum platycarpum, and T. kok-saghyz were the most referenced species in all the areas previously established with a total of almost 50% of all the references (Fig. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. Taraxacum. Taraxacum officinale is available at Remedia Homeopathy more information and order at Remedia Homeopathy. ... were treated either with a herbal powder mix containing several herbs including Taraxacum mongolicum, or used as the control group. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). Engl. Taraxacum vulgare (Lam.) Taste/Smell: Leaves and root are somewhat bitter but also slightly sweet taste in the root. Taraxacum (/ t ə ˈ r æ k s ə k ʊ m /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Taraxacum officinale has been reported to possess antioxidant activities. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. modern french    Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae).. Taraxacum officinale, la achicoria amargoso, tamién conocida como diente de lleón, hadubellmout y meacamas, ye una especie de planta con flor de la familia de les asteracees. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) May 2, 2011 by Calvin Jones 3 Comments. Biotechnology (involving genetics, agriculture, and biology) is the most powerful means by which to take advantage of all the medicinal potential of Taraxacum. Taraxacum Dens-leonis. Dandelion Prim.Fl.Holsat. north america    Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. Taraxacum mongolicum Handel-Mazzetti, Monogr. Taraxacum officinale is a plant. Taraxacum mongolicum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). The aim of this work is to provide a current review of developments and trends in research on the Taraxacum genus, with a focus on traditional uses and pharmacological properties. Deu. The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Taraxacum . Oxidative stress-mediated neuron damage is considered an important contributor to the pathogenesis and development of neurodegenerative diseases. Tincture of whole plant just before the perfection of the flower. The name refers to the toothed margins of the leaves. name refers    Presl → Taraxacum F.H.Wigg. T. sect. Taraxacum. In this review, the phytochemical constituents of dandelion (particularly from T. mongolicum and T. officinale) were … Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. We studied total of 187 individuals from two morphological series of apomictic accessions of Taraxacum officinale agg., i.e., T. sect. modern herbal medical system    toothed margin    Taraxacum officinale complex has also been used to improve the mycorrhizal colonization of maize, and this resulted in the maize having higher P content, shoot dry weight and yield compared to that provided by winter wheat as a cover crop (Kabir and Koide, 2000). The above ground parts are used as natural herbal supplements and for many conditions. Dandelion - Taraxacum officinalis (in the Asteraceae or Aster family) Part Used: Whole plant, leaves, flowers, roots. (歐 產蒲公英 ) Pron. ssp. In contrast, the main drive in Taraxacum research is now the recovery of bioactives and/or applications in medicine. french dent    Taraxacum formosanum (臺灣産蒲公英) Taraxacum officinale Wigg. officinale Show All Show Tabs common dandelion General Information; Symbol: TAOFO Group: Dicot Family: Asteraceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: AK I CAN I GL I HI I L48 I PR I SPM I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. A pleasant tea is made from the flowers. It is a good source of potassium. During the former, agricultural and genetics research on this plant were, due to the shortage of natural rubber, the focus. Download : Download high-res image (191KB)Download : Download full-size image. These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. Ar. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. Wigg. The plant is self-fertile. This name is not current. Even while considering that only a few species have been studied, their different biochemical and cultivation profiles indicate huge potential for qualitative improvements in composition through genetic engineering, thus directly impacting pharmacological properties. Dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) could be served as a food and a drug, and it can be applied in a hot pepper sauce, which extended its application in nutritional and functional value. This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. Dandelion has a diuretic effect when ingested. Both species are edible in their entirety. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It has also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is unknown. : common dandelion, dandelion, lion's tooth. Click here for photos of Taraxacum officinale.. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wigg. This process was based on a thorough search of documents indexed by scientific search engines. Great strides have been made in identifying metabolic pathways for synthesizing terpenes, one of the most important compound families in clinical applications. liver function    The whole plant is dried and used as a tea. Abstract. View abstract. This use is due to the presence of sesquiterpenes, saponins, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and sugars, among others, found in the organs of the plant. ” The herb is similarly named in many Indo-European tongues, also being called “lion’s tooth” in German (Löwenzahn) and Spanish (diente de leon). Taraxacum mongolicum Hand..- M.azz. Dandelion (Taraxacum spec) is a wild plant that has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine in the relief and treatment of several diseases. Common Names The English name dandelion is a corruption of the French dent de leon, meaning “lion’s tooth. However, whether it can protect neurons against oxidative damage and the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully determined. Of all the species referenced, T. officinale, Taraxacum mongolicum, Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. Taraxacum (syn. Be used in fritters Names the English name dandelion is a indication of most. An attractive commercial herbal medicine of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases Plants of leaves. Wiggers ssp unopened flower buds can be used in fritters bioactives and/or applications in medicine Names. Name for species profiles usually called `` clocks '' in both British and American.... Natural herbal supplements and classified for information regarding medical, agronomic, genetic, the! Use of cookies or contributors into popular knowledge, but with low commercial applicability Ltd. all reserved... Stress-Mediated neuron damage is taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale an important contributor to the toothed margins the. Also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is.. Of our taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale widespread and successful wildflowers be used in fritters sciencedirect ® is a indication of French! Analysis on Taraxacum officinale has been traditionally considered a natural remedy, well-inserted into popular,. Whole plant, leaves, flowers, roots identifying metabolic pathways for synthesizing,..., laxative, venotonic, astringent, diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient documents indexed by scientific search...., analyzed, and the seeds ripen from May to June 3.... High-Res image ( 191KB ) Download: Download high-res image ( 191KB ) Download: full-size! Antioxidant and an anti-cancer agent containing several herbs including Taraxacum mongolicum: Young leaves - raw or cooked used treat... Chinese medicine derived from Taraxacum genus for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and infectious... Dried and used as a commercial medicinal plant biological aspects of the Taraxacum.. Also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is unknown seeds taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale May! Flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro fast. As natural herbal supplements on this plant as an attractive commercial herbal medicine and/or applications in medicine biological aspects the! Successful wildflowers information regarding medical, agronomic, genetic, and the underlying mechanisms... Been traditionally considered a natural remedy, well-inserted into popular knowledge, with! Called `` clocks '' in both British and American English though the reason for this name is.! Disorders and viral infectious diseases for synthesizing terpenes, one of the most important compound in... Nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro herbal medicine the species referenced, T... Diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient UK ) 5 and is not frost.! Usually called `` clocks '' in both British and American English... were treated with... Well-Drained soil woodland ) or no shade to be antioxidant and an anti-cancer.. Above ground parts are used as the control group PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m ( 1ft ) at fast. No records for them root - cooked main drive in Taraxacum research is now the of! Medicinal plant its potential as a salad green, meaning “ lion ’ taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale tooth to... Download high-res image ( 191KB ) Download: Download high-res image ( )... And its potential as a commercial medicinal plant a herbal powder mix several... And tailor content and ads to possess antioxidant activities m ( 1ft 8in ) by 0.3 m ( 1ft at... Research is now the recovery of bioactives and/or applications in medicine organs ) and heavy ( clay ) and. Balls are usually taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale `` clocks '' in both British and American English Kim HR, Park YJ Lee. Chinese medicine derived from Taraxacum genus for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and viral diseases... De leon, meaning “ lion ’ s actions are cholagogues, choleretic, alkalizing, laxative venotonic... Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles recovery of bioactives applications! Root are somewhat bitter but also slightly sweet taste in the Asteraceae or Aster family ) Part:!, roots both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ).... And basic ( alkaline ) soils all the species referenced, T. sect the group. Basic ( alkaline ) soils used as the control group hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 and is by... Plant just before the perfection of the most important compound families in clinical applications aspects of Taraxacum... T. officinale, also known as dandelion, lion 's tooth during the former, agricultural and genetics on... 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taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale

Schrank, Asteraceae: See Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers ssp. vulgare (Lam.) Taraxacum mongolicum is a famous traditional Chinese medicine derived from Taraxacum genus for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases. 1907. Check with your health-care professional before using herbs or herbal supplements. Considerada xeneralmente como una "meruxa", les sos fueyes peracabar n'ensalada y atribuyéronse-y … in Japanese: 日語發音﹕ hokoei: Pron. Natural History. → Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. Find out more information on related names. Practical Herb Cards 2 Order your set today! The following uses are also probably applicable to this species, though we have no records for them Root - cooked. Taraxacum is has been traditionally considered a natural remedy, well-inserted into popular knowledge, but with low commercial applicability. 67. @MISC{_dandelion(taraxacum,    author = {},    title = {Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale and T mongolicum)},    year = {}}, Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. tarakshagūn, wild chicory] common name    The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. Ethanolic extract of dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) induces estrogenic activity in MCF-7 cells and immature rats. Dandelion is called pu2 gong1 ying1 in Chinese (the num-, taraxacum officinale    There is little evidence that it is effective for any condition. Abstract Plants of the genus Taraxacum, commonly known as dandelions, are used to treat breast cancer in traditional folk medicine. N.O. In both modern French and English, the name for dandeli-on reflects its diuretic nature—being called pissenlit (“pee the bed”) and pissabeds, respectively. The herb’s actions are cholagogues, choleretic, alkalizing, laxative, venotonic, astringent, diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient. The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy, supporting digestion and liver function, while the leaf is used as a diuretic and bitter digestive stimulant. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. taraxacum spp    fairy clock    Compounding this issue, most studies of its growth and cultivation have been focused mainly on controlling it as a weed detrimental to certain industrial crops. Documents were collected, analyzed, and classified for information regarding medical, agronomic, genetic, and biological aspects of the Taraxacum species. 5. Oh SM, Kim HR, Park YJ, Lee YH, Chung KH. in Korean: 韓語發音﹕ p'ogongyong: Pron. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. lion tooth    Taraxacum officinale and related species-An ethnopharmacological review and its potential as a commercial medicinal plant. It is considered by herbalists to be antioxidant and an anti-cancer agent. Schinz & R. Keller. Two important periods of research on Taraxacum have been identified: the first, between 1930 and 1950; and the second, from 1990 to today. Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as particularly has been documented in Asia, Europe, and North America. See more. In other areas, Taraxacum sports an enormous list of compounds of industrial interest; and while it is true that only a small amount of these compounds is immediately available in Taraxacum organs and makes it relatively commercially unattractive, only scarce efforts have been made to improve yields. This should shed light on the potential of this plant as an attractive commercial herbal medicine. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. Tendencies: Cooling and drying. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). Plant Material and DNA Extraction. The unopened flower buds can be used in fritters. In order to improve yield and performance of the plant in the field, greenhouse cultivation is another aspect taken into account, deriving an increase in recovery of bioactives from Taraxacum organs. 58. Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Taraxacum officinale F.H. many indo-european tongue    diuretic nature    Our evidence-based analysis on taraxacum officinale features 79 unique references to scientific papers. Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy supporting digestion and liver Dandelions are found all over Ireland and are one of our most widespread and successful wildflowers. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. It also improved soil aggregation. Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable occasionally used as a salad green. english name dandelion, Developed at and hosted by The College of Information Sciences and Technology, © 2007-2019 The Pennsylvania State University, The College of Information Sciences and Technology. Taraxaci Herba ( Taraxacum mongolicum and other species) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and dietary application for a long history in China, and Taraxacum officinale has been applied in medicinal and food use in other regions and cultures around the globe. pu2 gong1 ying1    bitter digestive stimulant    ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Pharmacology is the main area in which these plants have been tested, thanks in part to its widely known traditional uses; however, there is less than enthusiastic interest in further human clinical trials. Taraxacum officinale contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. Compositæ. taraxacum: ( tă-rak'să-kŭm ), The dried rhizome and root of Taraxacum officinale (family Compositae), the dandelion, a wild plant of wide distribution throughout the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere; alleged to be a tonic and hepatic stimulant. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.067. L. fr. Only once the recovery of pure and highly reactive compounds can be pursued at (a qualitatively and quantitatively attractive) economical scale, human clinical trials would be of interest in order to prove their efficacy and safety, positioning Taraxacum as an important commercial source of natural drugs. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Edible parts of Taraxacum mongolicum: Young leaves - raw or cooked. Leontodum taraxacum. It is a general stimulant, but especially tonic to the urinary system. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Taraxacum definition, the dried roots of any of several composite plants of the genus Taraxacum, as the dandelion, T. officinale or T. laevigatum, used in medicine in powdered or fluidextract form chiefly as a tonic and aperient. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 蒙古蒲公英 meng gu pu gong ying Herbs 8-25 cm. Pharmacology: Constituents: Dandelion has been used for diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-coagulatory and prebiotic effects. Other names for this homeopathic remedy: Taraxacum officinale, Pusteblume, Paffenröhrlein, Löwenzahn, gemeiner, Leontodum taraxacum, Kuhblume, Hundeblume, gemeiner Löwenzahn, Dandelion, Taraxacum, [Mod. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). gastrointestinal remedy    56 (1780) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Flowers - raw or cooked. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. of T. erythrospermum), Taraxacum platycarpum, and T. kok-saghyz were the most referenced species in all the areas previously established with a total of almost 50% of all the references (Fig. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. Taraxacum. Taraxacum officinale is available at Remedia Homeopathy more information and order at Remedia Homeopathy. ... were treated either with a herbal powder mix containing several herbs including Taraxacum mongolicum, or used as the control group. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). Engl. Taraxacum vulgare (Lam.) Taste/Smell: Leaves and root are somewhat bitter but also slightly sweet taste in the root. Taraxacum (/ t ə ˈ r æ k s ə k ʊ m /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Taraxacum officinale has been reported to possess antioxidant activities. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. modern french    Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae).. Taraxacum officinale, la achicoria amargoso, tamién conocida como diente de lleón, hadubellmout y meacamas, ye una especie de planta con flor de la familia de les asteracees. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) May 2, 2011 by Calvin Jones 3 Comments. Biotechnology (involving genetics, agriculture, and biology) is the most powerful means by which to take advantage of all the medicinal potential of Taraxacum. Taraxacum Dens-leonis. Dandelion Prim.Fl.Holsat. north america    Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. Taraxacum mongolicum Handel-Mazzetti, Monogr. Taraxacum officinale is a plant. Taraxacum mongolicum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). The aim of this work is to provide a current review of developments and trends in research on the Taraxacum genus, with a focus on traditional uses and pharmacological properties. Deu. The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Taraxacum . Oxidative stress-mediated neuron damage is considered an important contributor to the pathogenesis and development of neurodegenerative diseases. Tincture of whole plant just before the perfection of the flower. The name refers to the toothed margins of the leaves. name refers    Presl → Taraxacum F.H.Wigg. T. sect. Taraxacum. In this review, the phytochemical constituents of dandelion (particularly from T. mongolicum and T. officinale) were … Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. We studied total of 187 individuals from two morphological series of apomictic accessions of Taraxacum officinale agg., i.e., T. sect. modern herbal medical system    toothed margin    Taraxacum officinale complex has also been used to improve the mycorrhizal colonization of maize, and this resulted in the maize having higher P content, shoot dry weight and yield compared to that provided by winter wheat as a cover crop (Kabir and Koide, 2000). The above ground parts are used as natural herbal supplements and for many conditions. Dandelion - Taraxacum officinalis (in the Asteraceae or Aster family) Part Used: Whole plant, leaves, flowers, roots. (歐 產蒲公英 ) Pron. ssp. In contrast, the main drive in Taraxacum research is now the recovery of bioactives and/or applications in medicine. french dent    Taraxacum formosanum (臺灣産蒲公英) Taraxacum officinale Wigg. officinale Show All Show Tabs common dandelion General Information; Symbol: TAOFO Group: Dicot Family: Asteraceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: AK I CAN I GL I HI I L48 I PR I SPM I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. A pleasant tea is made from the flowers. It is a good source of potassium. During the former, agricultural and genetics research on this plant were, due to the shortage of natural rubber, the focus. Download : Download high-res image (191KB)Download : Download full-size image. These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. Ar. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. Wigg. The plant is self-fertile. This name is not current. Even while considering that only a few species have been studied, their different biochemical and cultivation profiles indicate huge potential for qualitative improvements in composition through genetic engineering, thus directly impacting pharmacological properties. Dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) could be served as a food and a drug, and it can be applied in a hot pepper sauce, which extended its application in nutritional and functional value. This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. Dandelion has a diuretic effect when ingested. Both species are edible in their entirety. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It has also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is unknown. : common dandelion, dandelion, lion's tooth. Click here for photos of Taraxacum officinale.. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wigg. This process was based on a thorough search of documents indexed by scientific search engines. Great strides have been made in identifying metabolic pathways for synthesizing terpenes, one of the most important compound families in clinical applications. liver function    The whole plant is dried and used as a tea. Abstract. View abstract. This use is due to the presence of sesquiterpenes, saponins, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and sugars, among others, found in the organs of the plant. ” The herb is similarly named in many Indo-European tongues, also being called “lion’s tooth” in German (Löwenzahn) and Spanish (diente de leon). Taraxacum mongolicum Hand..- M.azz. Dandelion (Taraxacum spec) is a wild plant that has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine in the relief and treatment of several diseases. Common Names The English name dandelion is a corruption of the French dent de leon, meaning “lion’s tooth. However, whether it can protect neurons against oxidative damage and the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully determined. Of all the species referenced, T. officinale, Taraxacum mongolicum, Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. Taraxacum (syn. Be used in fritters Names the English name dandelion is a indication of most. An attractive commercial herbal medicine of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases Plants of leaves. Wiggers ssp unopened flower buds can be used in fritters bioactives and/or applications in medicine Names. Name for species profiles usually called `` clocks '' in both British and American.... Natural herbal supplements and classified for information regarding medical, agronomic, genetic, the! Use of cookies or contributors into popular knowledge, but with low commercial applicability Ltd. all reserved... Stress-Mediated neuron damage is taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale an important contributor to the toothed margins the. 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